What is pigmentation?

Over time, the natural ageing process and exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun causes the accumulation of pigments in the skin leading to age spots, hyperpigmentation or freckles (Including brown spots, liver spots, age spots, sun spots, sunburn freckles, lentigos, or senile/solar lentigines). Skin pigmentation can also occur during pregnancy due to hormonal changes in the body which can resolve naturally postnatal to worsen.

These marks are located in areas most often exposed to the sun, particularly the hands, face, shoulders, arms, decollete and forehead (and the head if bald) and range in color from light brown to red or black. Most are harmless, but all are ageing and may be unattractive.

Skin Pigmentation

If you ask most people what they would most like to improve about their skin, the answer will usually involve making the skin tone more even, clearing the complexion of flaws and imperfections. The ideal look for naturally healthy skin is a clear radiant even skin tone. When the skin is clear of blemishes it projects a natural healthy radiance.

Skin pigmentation can take the form of freckles, age spots or larger patches of discolored skin. The most common form is hyperpigmentation, which is the excess production of the skin pigment melanin, appearing as localized patches, which are darker than the surrounding skin. The patches are typically non-raised, as the hyperpigmentation occurs beneath the top layer of skin.

Pigmentation can be caused by excess sun exposure, injury, post-inflammation/acne or hormonal changes. Laser and IPL treatment can help to reduce the appearance of many forms of pigmentation.

We have various treatments for pigmentation including:

Laser and Intense Pulsed Light

Lasers and IPL are intense beams of light that can transfer its energy through the skin leading to pigmentation removal...


Microdermabrasion is a mechanical exfoliation to resurface the skin stimulating the skin's natural cell regenerating process thereby removing pigmentation...

Laser and IPL can improve the appearance of:

Darker patches
Age Spots / Lentigines
Sun Spots
Some brown birthmarks
Marks left from scars